Holding hostages in Kentucky
Kentucky never formally left the Union, but its population was deeply split. The state declared itself neutral until the Confederates invaded in 1861. Kentucky was accepted into the Confederacy and given a star on the Confederate flag. By 1864 intense Confederate guerrilla activity led Governor Thomas Bramlette to issue this proclamation ordering the arrest of Confederate sympathizers, who were held as hostages in retaliation for the kidnapping of Unionists.
National Archives, Records of U.S. Army Continental Commands