Plessy v. Ferguson


Issued on May 18, 1896, this Supreme Court decision upheld a Louisiana state law that allowed for "equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races" on railroad cars. Over the next 60 years, civil rights advocates challenged Plessy v. Ferguson, but it was not until the Supreme Court's 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education that state-enforced segregation was judged to be a violation of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution.

National Archives, Records of the Supreme Court of the United States


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