School photos


These Chiracahua Apache students were photographed at the Carlisle Indian School, near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania four months after their arrival. At Carlisle and other schools, Native American students were required to abandon traditional ways and learn a trade. Richard Henry Pratt, a former Army officer, founded this military-style school in 1879 to train American Indians to become leaders upon returning to their reservations.

National Archives, Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer