Congratulations, Congress!


For nearly five years, Congress struggled to create a “Confederation of the United States.” When the Articles of Confederation were finally ratified on March 1, 1781, George Washington wrote this letter of congratulations to the President of Congress. The text is in the handwriting of an aide, but the letter is signed by Washington himself. Text adapted from “Letters from George Washington and Samuel Cabble, and Speeches by Franklin D. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy” in the November/December 2008 National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) publication Social Education.

National Archives, Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention